14th August 2017

3.5 Propaganda Speech

Logical Fallacies:

  • Composition/devision – Implying something that something is true of the whole when it is only true of some part of the whole.
  • Bandwagon – The idea that you should do a certain thing because everyone else is doing/thinking that way.
  • Slippery slopes – Where someone implies that some event must inevitably occur as it follows from another event without any argument or reasoning.
  • False cause – The attempt to make a mistakenly attempt of a connection where they are both two basic unrelated kinds.
  • Burden of Proof -The burden of proof lies with someone who is making a claim, and is not upon anyone else to disprove.
  • Special Pleading – Often a result of strong emotional beliefs that interfere with reason.
  • Begging the Question -This occurs when an argument’s premises assume the truth of the conclusion, instead of supporting it.
  • No True Scotsman – This occurs when a debater defines a group such that every group member possess some quality.
  • The Fallacy Fallacy – Is an argument from fallacy is the formal fallacy of analysing an argument and inferring that, since it contains a fallacy, its conclusion must be false. It is also called argument to logic.
  • Straw man – This is based on giving the impression of refuting an opponent’s argument, while refuting an argument that was not presented by that opponent.
  • Ad hominem -This is used to counter another argument; but, it is based on feelings or prejudice, rather than facts, reason or logic. It is often a personal attack on one’s character rather than an attempt to address the issue at hand.
  • Black or White – Where you present two alternative states as the only possibilities, when in fact more possibilities exist.
  • Personal Incredulity – Because you found something difficult to understand, or are unaware of how it works, you made out like it’s probably not true.
  • Texas Sharpshooter – This is committed when differences in data are ignored, but similarities are stressed. From this reasoning, a false conclusion is inferred.
  • Gambler’s Fallacy -This is a mistaken belief that, if something happens more frequently than normal during some period, it will happen less frequently in the future, or that, if something happens less frequently than normal during some period, it will happen more frequently in the future.
  • Appeal to Nature -This is an argument or rhetorical tactic in which it is proposed that “a thing is good because it is ‘natural’, or bad because it is ‘unnatural'”.
  • Appeal to Authority – When someone uses expert opinion to defend the likelihood of the reliability of a claim.

Either

  1. Legalisation of assisted suicide for people suffering from terminal illnesses

or

  1. Climate change is more political than scientific

Climate Change Research:

Explain that it isn’t real and why, talk about how its more political than environmental, use fallacies to ignore facts of climate change.

  • Climate is constantly changing
  • How do we know it’s because of humans? Put the blame elsewhere
  • There is no consensus
  • Studies show that its quite cold compared to many many years ago
  • World constantly changes and adapting and the animals too
  • Distraction
  • Why would government use climate change in political way?

Research:

What is climate change? – Climate change is a change in the usual weather found in a place. This could be a change in how much rain a place usually gets in a year. Or it could be a change in a place’s usual temperature for a month or season. Climate change is also a change in Earth’s climate. This could be a change in Earth’s usual temperature. Or it could be a change in where rain and snow usually fall on Earth. Weather can change in just a few hours. Climate takes hundreds or even millions of years to change.

Is Earth’s climate changing? – Earth’s climate is always changing. There have been times when Earth’s climate has been warmer than it is now. There have been times when it has been cooler. These times can last thousands or millions of years. People who study Earth see that Earth’s climate is getting warmer. Earth’s temperature has gone up about one degree Fahrenheit in the last 100 years.

What causes the Earth’s climate the change? (It’s not us) – Many things can cause climate to change all on its own. Earth’s distance from the sun can change. The sun can send out more or less energy. Oceans can change. When a volcano erupts, it can change our climate.

Ice ages/global cooling – The last ice age ended about 10,000 years ago. Ice ages have occurred due to changes in Earth’s tilt/axis. Volcanoes release large amounts of gas and ashes. Clouds can block out the sun’s radiation and cause a cooling of Earth (Year with no Summer).

El nino –

Solar activity – When the sun is most active, there are more sun spots, which increase solar radiation. Increases in the number of sunspots makes the temperature of Earth increase.

Short Term Changes in Climate – Some areas of the world get more direct heat as Earth is titled on its axis.

Changes in the Earth’s orbit – Every 100,000 years, the Earth’s orbit becomes more elliptical. Changes in axis – Every 41,000 years the Earth’s tilt changes from 22.1 degrees to 24.5 degrees.

Sea level – Sea levels has fluctuated through Earth’s history. Global warming activists often point rises in sea levels as evidence. However, shifts in tectonic plates can cause a rise in sea levels too.

There is no consensus – There is no general agreement that climate change is real and that we are the ones to blame for it. Some scientists say it is happening, and some say it is not.

Global cooling – Not long ago, in the 1970’s the climate scientists were worried about a global cooling. Now they are worried about global warming. They can’t even make their minds up so why should we listen to what they have to say? ….natural climate cycles have already turned from warming to cooling, global temperatures have already been declining for more than 10 years, and global temperatures will continue to decline for another two decades or more.

Climate change is a distraction – 

Why is global warming more political than scientific? – 

Order of things to talk about: What is global warming, how the climate is constantly changing, its actually colder than it has been over millions of years, talk about times it has been much hotter, who said it was a bad thing, its natural, we aren’t the reason for it, theres no consensus, made up topic to distract us, no point wasting heaps of money on it, why is it more political than scientific?

Starting writing:

Climate change is a change in the usual weather found in a place. This could be a change in how much rain a place usually gets in a year. Or it could be a change in a place’s usual temperature for a month or season. Climate change is also a change in Earth’s climate. This could be a change in Earth’s usual temperature. Or it could be a change in where rain and snow usually fall on Earth. Weather can change in just a few hours. Climate takes hundreds or even millions of years to change. Earth’s climate is always changing. There have been times when Earth’s climate has been warmer than it is now. There have been times when it has been cooler. These times can last thousands or millions of years. People who study Earth see that Earth’s climate has gotten warmer. Earth’s temperature has gone up about one degree in the last 100 years. Yes, it has gotten warmer, but 1 degree really isn’t going to make much difference. And as I said, the Earth’s climate is constantly changing, so whats the big deal? There have been many times where the Earth’s climate has been a lot warmer than it is today. (Talk about times it was much warmer, and how there was like no ice n stuff) Not long ago, in the 1970’s the climate scientists were worried about a global cooling. Then suddenly, for a while, everyone has been very worried about global warming. Well I have some news for you. Natural climate cycles have already turned from warming to cooling, global temperatures have already been declining for more than 10 years, and global temperatures will continue to decline for another two decades or more. And the thing is, global cooling will be far more devastating than global warming. (why?)

Climate change is real, but why is it seen in such a negative way? It has been much hotter than it is today. The climate is constantly changing.

Respond now!

Category

Writing